Santiago De Cuba
The second most populated Cuban province, the cradle of bolero, son and traditional ballads, is Santiago de Cuba with over 1.2 million inhabitants and its largest city and capital, Santiago de Cuba , has 554,000 population. Other relatively large cities in Santiago de Cuba province are Palmo Soriano, Mayari, San Luis and Songola Maya. The tourist industry is growing around the capital city and other parts of province are rich in banana, cocoa and coffee plantations as well as iron and nickel. The mountainous region of Santiago de Cuba province was a hiding spot for guerrillas fighting during many battles that took place in 1959 Cuban Revolution. Santiago de Cuba province is connected to other parts of country through the port of Santiago de Cuba and nice road to neighbouring provinces.
The second largest and the most hospitable Cuba's city founded in 1514 by Diego de Velázquez, Santiago de Cuba, is built on sequence of hills overlooking large bay with the Sierra Maestra Mountains in the back and most colourful and extraordinary narrow streets. For this reason Santiago de Cuba is one of the most picturesque cities in whole country and many consider it the site of best music scene. Many musical festivals, cultural events and artistic shows take place in Santiago de Cuba city. It is also a home to first and largest cathedral ever built in Cuba . The Santiago de Cuba 's rum aged in oaken barrels is famous widely and it is a home of original Cuban Bacardi rum. The castle of San Pedro de la Roca del Morro of great history importance is the vastest military engineering in Caribbean . Historically, it was the first cultural and political heart of Cuba and has become a birthplace of Cuban revolutionary thought. It also has university founded in 1947 and the Museum of Colonial Art .
The attractions to visit in this province are the steepest street of capital city, Padre Pico, Santa Ifigenia cemetery with tombs of Jose Marti, a national hero, Bacardi museum and Moncada barracks, the place where Fidel Castro and his rebels took their first attack on Batista on July 26, 1953 . The Gran Piedra National Park is just outside of the city and its summit offers incredible views down to Santiago and, on a clear day, all the way across to Haiti .
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